Grand and magnificent meiquan palace, the old urban areas with long history in Vienna, Salzburg and Graz, the charming landscape of the vahao River Valley, the new sidle lake and the halstadt dahlstein / salzkamergut area, as well as the classic masterpiece of the 19th century engineering industry – the sermerling Railway: Austria’s top ten world heritage sites, each of which is unique and worth visiting.
01. Old town of Salzburg
Salzburg, located in the center of Europe, is famous all over the world for its charming city appearance, picturesque natural scenery and as the birthplace of Mozart.
Salt, also known as “white gold”, has brought wealth and prosperity to the city through centuries of international salt trade. The income of salt industry enables the bishop of marquis to build a prosperous city here known as “Rome des nordens in the north”, because it has a lot of beautiful religious buildings with a unique historical flavor, which are closely related to Italy.
02. Meiquan palace and meiquan palace garden
The Habsburg Summer Palace, meiquan palace and its attached zoo are absolutely necessary highlights for every visitor to Vienna. The royal building complex, its subsidiary buildings and open gardens of meiquan Palace are one of the Baroque buildings with the most cultural and historical significance and artistic value in Europe.
Visit the magnificent palaces and palaces to learn about the life of the rulers at that time, and enjoy a panoramic view of the palace and Vienna City from the high slope viewing Pavilion. The charming palmenhaus and its exotic plants are a highlight of the palace garden.
Meiquangong zoo is one of the oldest and most magnificent zoos in Europe. It not only has a beautiful and elegant Baroque Pavilion, but also has a spacious animal enclosure full of modern sense. It integrates classical and modern, with unique features.
03. The cultural landscape of halstadt dahestan / salzkamergut
In the legendary salzkamergut area, there is a shining “Pearl” inlaid at the foot of the majestic dahestan mountain: the historical and cultural scenic spots of halstadt, gossau, upper traune and patgoithon are not only beautiful, but also have more than 3500 years of historical and cultural heritage. The local salt making history can be traced back to the middle of bronze age, which also laid the foundation of dense population in this area.
Welcome to explore the local pure natural scenery, charming architecture and unique wooden decoration, and feel the mysterious charm of cultural heritage for thousands of years.
04. Semoline Railway
Starting from Vienna, this railway takes you through the most beautiful route to the south of Austria, to the “Magic Mountain” semiling area.
As early as 1841, Karl Friedrich qubek, then Prime Minister of the Empire, ordered the construction of a railway line to triest. Under the chairmanship of Carl Ritter von gega, a Venetian construction engineer, the railway, which can be called a masterpiece of technology and architecture, started construction in 1848 and has been completed and put into use for six years. It crossed a mountain pass with an altitude of nearly 1000 meters, which was the highest point that the world railway could reach at that time.
At that time, the railway was regarded as a model of harmonious coexistence of science and technology and nature, and now it is still a unique historical and cultural landscape. Today, the scenic area of the semiring rax Schneeberg has become one of the most popular resorts in Europe.
05. The center of the old city of Graz and the palace of egenberg
For centuries, around the castle mountain and the famous bell tower, all kinds of impressive architectural works show the most important artistic style since the Middle Ages: from Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, historicism, youth art style to the contemporary architectural style. The classic representative architectural works have become an important card of the city.
In addition, in Graz’s famous armory, visitors can also have a deep understanding of the medieval life in Europe. The streets of Graz have also become an important witness of the cultural and historical value of the city. Here, culture and art are an indispensable part of daily life.
Graz was named the cultural capital of Europe in 2003 and the city of design by UNESCO in 2011. You don’t need to look for culture, imagination, architecture or design here – they are everywhere. The city is the perfect place for creative people.
Schloss Eggenberg in baroque style, designed and built by Italian architect petro de bomis in 1625, is the palace of royal governor Hans Ulrich von Eggenberg (1568-1634). There are 24 magnificent and luxurious palaces in the palace. The planetary hall in the center and more than 500 magnificent dome frescoes in the 17th century embody the cosmology of that era.
06. Cultural landscape of wahao River Valley
In the total length of 2800km of the Danube River Basin, the vahao River Valley only accounts for 36 kilometers, but with its diversified landscape structure, important cultural relics and small town groups, the natural and cultural landscape here has special significance and value.
Natural scenery: such as the winding Danube River Valley, alluvial forest, rugged rock strata; landscape with human elements: such as terraces, villages and fields where grapes are planted, as well as monasteries, castles and ruins. Nature and culture blend perfectly and reflect each other.
From Stift Melk to Schloss Sch ö Nb ü hel, as well as the remains of aggstein, D ü rnstein and hinderhaus, to Stift g ö ttweig, a series of buildings with a long history and outstanding scenery are scattered on both sides of the vahao River Valley.
07. Felte new sidle Lake Scenic Area (1 / 3 Hungary 2 / 3 Austria)
In this area of the largest plain lake in Central Europe, the Hungarian Plain (Puszta) meets the reed cluster romantically, and the beautiful mountain vineyard spreads on the broad horizon. Named after Austria and Hungary, this cross-border area extends from lowlands to lakes and vast reed beaches to picturesque villages, charming vineyards and vast pastures with grey cattle and white donkeys.
Archaeological sites, limestone quarries, ancient temples, courtyards and castles all witness the history of human settlement here, which is impressive – the new sidle lake has always been the melting pot of culture.
08. Old city of Vienna
The whole old city center of Vienna is one of the most beautiful urban monuments in Europe. The former capital of Habsburg dynasty bears the characteristics of three times: the Middle Ages represented by Gothic Stephen’s Cathedral, the Baroque period represented by Hofburg Palace and its luxurious dome, and the Ring Road era in the late 19th century represented by gorgeous buildings such as the National Opera House and art history museum.
In addition, many churches, palaces and parks also enhance the imperial style of the old city of Vienna. The rich collections and centuries of musical traditions collected by the rich rulers are an integral part of the old city of Vienna, as are Vienna’s delicacies, cozy cafes and nostalgic shopping at former imperial suppliers of the Austro Hungarian Empire.
09. Wooden pile buildings on the shores of lakes in the Alps
In addition to Austria, there are similar prehistoric sites in Germany, France, Switzerland, Italy and Slovenia. The cultural and archaeological sites of wooden pile buildings on the shores of Austria are distributed in three lake areas, namely, attrsee and Mondsee in Upper Austria and keutschachersee in kernton.
There are three information kiosks in seewalchen and Montessori on the Bank of Lake att. through these kiosks, the life of the wood pile house builders is vividly displayed in front of the world again, with new vitality.
10. Beech forests in the Carpathians and other parts of Europe
In 2017, beech forest in Carpathian Mountains and other parts of Europe was included in the world heritage list by UNESCO. Its core area is 92023 hectares of beech forest, which is distributed in 12 countries and 41 nature reserves in Europe. Among them, beech forest in Austria covers an area of 7217 hectares, most of which are located in primitive forest areas and natural parks, which is also Austria’s first world natural heritage.
Red beech is the core element of temperate broad-leaved forest. The absolute advantage of this species in the number of large areas in Europe shows its strong genetic adaptability. These beech forests show the spread and development of various ecosystems since the last ice age.
The native forest of D ü rrenstein in Lower Austria includes 1965 hectares of beech forest in the Alps, which is included in the world heritage, with an average age of 400, 500 years; in the kalkalkalpen National Park in Upper Austria, there are 5252 hectares of beech forest included in the world heritage, which is a vast nature reserve In the original nature, it shows the typical ecological diversity of the region.
Dazhong mountain glacier mountain highway
In addition to the world heritage mentioned above, there is also a beautiful spot in Austria that is applying for the title of World Heritage: gro Glockner hochalpenstra e, located at the junction of kernton and Salzburg.
This landscape road is located in the northeast of the highest mountain in Austria (3798 meters above sea level). It starts from Bruck an der Gro glocknerstra E in the north and ends at Heiligenblut am gro Glockner in the south, with a total length of 47.8 kilometers and an altitude drop of about 2000 meters.
Dazhong mountain glacier mountain highway is regarded as one of the most beautiful mountain landscape highways in the world. Along the way, you can enjoy the snow plain in midsummer, the magnificent glacier, the rapid waterfall, the clear mountain lake and the magnificent Alpine scenery.
Kaiser Franz Josefs h ö he, which is located at the end of the journey, is the place where emperor Franz Josef and Queen Elizabeth of Austria and Hungary took a rest on the way to visit. It is the best viewing platform in the scenic area of Dazhong mountain. You can enjoy the magnificent scenery of Dazhong mountain and pasterze glacier at the foot of the mountain.
This article is from Austrian National Tourism Administration!