Chinese land, multi-ethnic multi-tribal let us have countless ancient and mysterious civilization heritage. The daolang tribe, located in awati county, xinjiang, is a little-known and mysterious tribe. It is located in awati county of China cotton city, hometown of China’s mothalese, hometown of daolang culture and hometown of daolang farmers’ paintings. Daolang tribal scenic area, also known as duolang tribe, is located in the south of aksu city, xinjiang province. Although arriving at the tribe at night, I still feel the warmth and antiquity of daolang culture.
Daolang people are the primitive inhabitants around the tarim basin in xinjiang. Here, we had the honor to taste the unique tribal xinjiang mutton kebabs. The little elder sister of beautiful daolang clan offers mutton kebabs for us ceaselessly, be afraid we are not enough to eat, true too enthusiasm.
In addition to kebabs, the daolang tribe’s lamb chops are also a must. Although xinjiang mutton is recognized as delicious, but each place’s mutton is unique. This plate of charred lamb chops was shot in less than a minute, it was taken up by friends of the same trade, everyone stared at it with glowing eyes, and its fragrance made people keep swallowing saliva.
But since I don’t eat mutton, for a split second this dish of grilled fish served, I finally realized how my friends felt when they saw the lamb chop swallow. It is said that the roast sheep in xinjiang is very delicious, but the roast fish in xinjiang is also very good.
While we were eating, the daolang tribe performed many unique daolang dances for us. Through the dance culture, we learn the long history and origin of daolang tribe. The mongols rose from the mobei plateau in the 13th century, conquering Asia and eastern Europe and establishing the Mongol empire. South of tianshan mountain and the vast area of central Asia were the fiefs of chagodai, the second son of genghis khan.
For two hundred years from the end of the 14th to the end of the 16th century, the fiefdoms of chagatai (the chagatai khanate) were divided into many small kingdoms that did not belong to each other and fought each other constantly. People fled from the war. However, the Mongolian nobles at that time were feudal serf-owners who plundered and enslaved the poor in large Numbers and engaged in labor in their own tribes and manors to enrich their armies. Daolang people were born from these refugees and slaves.
In the period of cahetai, the word “daolang” means “gather together” or “gather together in piles”. They could not bear being bullied, and in order to resist oppression and exploitation and avoid the disaster of war, they fled to the plain of the lower yerqiang river in the desert where there is no human habitation.
Based on this environment and historical background, daolang tribe has become a very mysterious cultural branch in xinjiang and aroused the interest of many scholars. However, because daolang culture is a folk form, there is no fixed content, there is no literature records, so the scholars to study here have little effect. Later, we had the opportunity to experience a daolang tribe bonfire party.
But this was no ordinary or simple bonfire party. It was a ritual that the daolang tribe was about to disappear. But with fewer and older people familiar with the ancient ritual, it is clearly difficult to continue. Before lighting a fire, a long and complex ritual is required. First take out a sheep.
Daolang people once believed in shamanism and had abnormal worship and awe for wolves. They believed that they were the ancestors of the clansmen. During worship, they burned grass and smoked the head of wolves by surrounding fire. This sheep, in the past, may have been sacrificed to wolves.
Here, an elderly man sprinkles wine into the flames as he speaks something we don’t understand, a sort of mystical language. The fire worship of the daolang tribe is said to wash away all dirt. They use the most holy, the most clean, the most intimate with the celestial contact of fire, to reveal the existence of life.
It is reported that daolang people will worship at sunrise, slaughter sheep and drink wine at night, light bonfires, release wild animals to sing, “dance with wolves”, rongguangzu. This ancient and mysterious ritual of fire worship, obviously not a bonfire form of entertainment, is not only significant, but also a cultural carrier.
At the end of the ceremony, a daolang girl walked past me with a tray of drinks. This plate of wine is only for people of high prestige or very important guests.
When all the sacrificial ceremony is finished, we can dance and sing with daolang people around the flame, listening to the high and passionate daolang muqam, feel the characteristics of daolang dance. This was the culmination of our experience in the daolang tribe. Due to the short time, the understanding of daolang culture is not deep enough, but daolang tribe gives us the most sincere and warm reception to feel the charm of daolang culture.