The qin dynasty, the first unified dynasty in Chinese history, had a profound influence on Chinese history. Whenever we talk about the qin empire and want to see the history and culture of the qin dynasty, xi ‘an is always the first choice. However, the culture of the early qin dynasty was active in the southeast of gansu province around the end of the shang dynasty. The birthplace of the daqin empire was located in the west of the city. after the establishment of the zhou dynasty, the people of yingqin who had close relations with merchants were denounced as “imperial slaves”. They fought against xirong for the zhou dynasty. This magnificent history is on display at the gansu qin culture museum in li county. is located on the second floor of the museum, where many early qin and prehistoric ceramics are displayed. There are more than 5,000 pieces of cultural relics in the museum, including nearly 150 first-grade cultural relics and more than 500 second-grade cultural relics. Although the museum has many precious cultural relics, for later generations to uncover more culture and secrets of the qin dynasty. However, in the 1980s and 1990s, the early qin tombs were arbitrarily looted and destroyed, resulting in countless rare cultural relics scattered around the world and lost overseas.
is said to be unearthed from a great mountain of a belt ancient inscriptions (Qin Gong for casting the tripod), is a public security organ in the 1990 s came back from the tomb raiders hands seized a cultural relic, it is the era of the earliest known to, the main identity clear qin bronze ware, very precious, “ten big treasure” in gansu province museum. But not everyone was lucky enough to be recovered. Today, I will take you to see how many valuable relics of the early qin tombs were vandalized and robbed. As the birthplace and cradle of qin culture, only a visit to the gansu qin culture museum can reveal the Chinese heritage that is free from “eternal hatred”. In the late shang and western zhou dynasties, there were xirong, zhou and qin people living in the upper reaches of the western han river. In the late shang dynasty, the zhou people to the east of longshan had spread to the western han river basin and spread the shang cultural artifacts. As a result, the museum window also displays a lot of objects related to the culture of commerce, mainly pottery. Although li county is a county, it has a profound historical culture and heritage, including the ruins of xishan mountain, dabaozi mountain, igleshan mountain, and luan-ting mountain priest site in li county. In the picture, two cultural relics were unearthed in xishan ruins. On the left is a three-legged urn, and on the right is a ceramic water pipe. When I saw the three-legged urn, the ancient urn burial custom flashed through my mind. those who are familiar with the culture of xia, shang and zhou dynasties must be familiar with these cultural relics. Similar cultural relics, called “beans”, have appeared many times in many museums related to the history and culture of shang and zhou dynasties. During the xia, shang and zhou dynasties, beans gradually became important ritual vessels, mainly for food.
bird-shaped earthenware pot, double-mouth earthenware pot, unearthed in puchen village, leiba township, siwa culture. (the bronze-age culture in northwest China, named after its original discovery in the mountains of lintao siwa, gansu province, was mainly distributed in gansu province to the east of lanzhou, and extended to qianshui and jingshui rivers in shaanxi province.)
shows the ceramic pot with multi-arc edge and four ears of siwa culture, unearthed in puchen village, leiba township.
, temple depression culture of bird song Pan TaoDing (pan), unearthed LeiBa township pu chencun.
among the qin cultural sites in gansu, dabaozishan site is the most important and meaningful site, which is the concentrated reflection and witness of the development of qin people’s activities in xichang. The museum also fully displays the cultural heritage of dabaozishan site. This is a pair of tile GUI, but this is a replica, the real thing at the Shanghai museum.
when the early qin tombs in dabuzishan were looted and destroyed, many precious cultural relics were resold and lost overseas. But some have been seized or donated back to the motherland. The picture shows that fan jirong donated to dabaozishan and unearthed bronze wares (replicas), the real ones in Shanghai museum. The picture shows two pieces of cobras (hui) with pattern square pot, unearthed in the cupola mountain of li county. baofu xin ding, the only shang ding with inscriptions unearthed in gansu. This gift is special, very precious, is gansu qin culture museum can not miss one of the important cultural relics. tiger back, a total of three, these three are just as a class, there is no similar fourth, it is said to be unique. What does it do? It is not known for certain, but it is widely believed to have been used to place percussion instruments. , is said to be unearthed from the back tiger is together with the qin zi on, was unearthed (big ruins of a great mountain) qin on three parts.
PAM lines; the oval He, this is a bronze cocktail shaker. On the coining bronze vessel there were thirty-six young animals, of which the most delicate was the tiger. But this is not the same as the tiger in the back that might be putting the instrument. bronze fish, unearthed in xishan, chengguan town, li county. However, the meaning of the bronze fish as a burial object has not been determined yet, but it can be proved that the identity of the tomb’s owner is either rich or expensive. PAM (hui); the corrugated lines ð ª delighted many customers and (xu), yongxing lixian county rural village of Zhao Ping dome mountain north slope heavy ring pattern of tiger head and beast head, unearthed in dabaozi mountain. This is a very cute pair of artifacts. with dragon pattern, it was unearthed in dabaozi mountain. It is really lovely to see a beast. but the most anticipated item is the treasure of the museum: the model of national first-class cultural relic with cobras. But this bronze work is still controversial, some say it is the casket, others say it is the coffin model of the qin people buried the body, the specific purpose is still unknown. There are four birds on the top of the vehicle, and the four birds rotate at the same time to open the small box, which is the exquisite and amazing part of the cultural relic. as the museum has a large collection of cultural relics, it is not necessary to elaborate here. The Chinese cultural heritage still needs to be witnessed by one’s own eyes in order to experience the brilliance and magnificence of qin culture and history. Unfortunately, many early qin tombs were looted and sold in the last century. For later generations, this is not only the loss of our civilization, but also brought great difficulties to understand the pre-qin culture.