Taklamakan desert highway is the longest grade highway through the flowing desert in the world and the earliest desert highway in China. It has been the center of the ancient silk road since ancient times, and now it has become a paradise for self-driving tourists. After the desert highway is open to traffic, the mysterious taklamakan gradually reveals its true face. What are the secrets of the ancient and terrible “sea of death”?
The completion of highway solves the transportation problem of petroleum exploration and development deep in the desert hinterland, improves the production benefit, shorts the transportation distance, saves the transportation expense, reduces the exploration and development cost, and obtains high economic benefit. At the same time, it is of great significance and role in promoting economic construction, cultural exchange and tourism development in southern xinjiang. Every year, tens of thousands of road travelers come to this wonderful road. Almost everyone who comes here will be shocked by the construction of this road.
Taklamakan is the largest desert in China and the second largest floating desert in the world. The desert is about 1,000 kilometers long from east to west and 400 kilometers wide from north to south, covering an area of 330,000 square kilometers. It is known as the “sea of death”. It is said that people “walk in but can’t get out”.
In this desolate desert, ordinary people dare not imagine what it would be like to go deep into the hinterland. Here, pyramid-shaped dunes stand 300 meters above the plain. Strong winds can lift walls of sand up to three times their height. Sand dunes in the desert stretch, affected by the wind, the sand dunes often move, which means the foot of the road at any time to move, the direction of people at any time is lost. But in a place as scary as this, there are signs of life: desert poplars.
Driving off the road to explore the village of daliyabue was thrilling, but it was the only way. On both sides of the highway, there are many sand-fixing technologies such as “reed fence” and “reed square”, and the construction technology and sand-control engineering of this “strong foundation and thin surface” structure are in the world leading level. This desert road, which has conquered the “sea of death”, not only makes a millennium dream come true, but also sets the guinness world record for the longest floating desert grade road in the world.
Daliaburi village is known as the oasis of “xanadu” by Chinese and foreign archaeological explorers. The village, which stands alone in the center of the world’s second largest desert, has not been seen for nearly a thousand years and is completely isolated. But off the road, we found that there were still a lot of off-road vehicles going in and out of the village, usually outdoor photographers and explorers.
Although the taklamakan desert is known as the “sea of death”, there are still many desert vegetation growing in the area where the dunes meet the river valleys and deltas. Euphrasal poplars are the most famous and popular among photographers. Also included are molasses, camel’s thorns, thistles, and pigtail. Dunes on the hill often form around thickets.
Dense populus Euphrates and tamarix shrubs grow around the desert, forming the “shahai green island”. It’s not a desert. It’s not the taklamakan desert. The special geographical environment and landscape bring many landscapes to this desert, which makes us more curious about the existence of the ancient village hidden in the heart of the desert.
On the way to the village of dariyaburi, I came across a few detached houses, the oldest dwellings in the desert, built largely of poplar and tamarisk shrubs. Incredibly, the house and the desert seem to blend together.
While stopping for a break, she tried to visit the residents, hoping to learn more about the village. But regrettably is not in the room, door window also did not concern lock, furniture in the home is extremely simple, it is to do not have modernization furniture and home appliance almost. It was as if I were in a different world from civilization.
Then we came across some sheep on the road, and thought they might belong to the family. Can not imagine, under such a harsh environment, living here is how to survive? Can only praise the tenacious life, the ability to adapt to the environment is too strong.
I don’t know how long the car was open, another family passed by the window, a child was standing in the desert between the grass. Maybe this is not another world far away from civilization. Where there are water, trees and people, there will be civilization naturally. But the civilization here is so ancient and primitive that it attracts people from the outside world. Otherwise, how could so many explorers have gone deep into the taklamakan since ancient times?
Because of the distance and the complexity of the desert roads, even with local guides familiar with our surroundings, we were unable to reach daliyabui before sunset. But in the desert, once the sun disappears, night soon falls. A sudden gust of sand makes us realize that this is the “sea of death”. (please expect more trips in the taklamakan desert.)