Casablanca is the first stop of a journey to Morocco. The first destination is hassan ii mosque, which is located in the western end of the islamic world and is one of the largest mosques in the world. Construction of the mosque began in 1987 and was completed in 1993. This is a very young building. The most significant thing about the mosque of hassan ii is that it is directly related to the late king hassan ii.
The mosque cost more than $500 million that year, three-fifths of which was donated by foreign and domestic donors. The idea and layout of the mosque are attributed to king hassan ii. The building is of typical Arab architectural style and is a representative example of Moroccan architectural craftsmanship. It was built by the sea in honor of Morocco’s Arab ancestors who came from the sea. It is the third largest mosque in the world after the mosques of mecca and medina in Saudi Arabia.
Despite the mosque’s size and grandeur, its $500 million-plus construction is not just a framework. Its detail shows the beauty of Arab architecture to an astonishing degree of detail, making it one of the most beautiful buildings I have ever seen. Westerners believe that Moroccan architecture is Spanish Moorish. After the arabs were expelled from Europe in the 8th century, they brought Spanish architectural styles and styles back to Morocco, where they quickly became popular culture.
Spanish Moorish architecture reached its peak in Morocco in the 12th to 14th centuries, with the horseshoe arch becoming the most distinctive style. This form of traditional architecture is well reflected in the fine mosques and palaces that dot Morocco’s big cities. However, horseshoe-shaped arches are also very common in traditional dwellings and ancient cities. From casablanca to Rabat, I photographed many such arch buildings all the way and was deeply impressed by their beauty.
Most of the traditional buildings in Morocco are modeled after mosques. Although influenced by European culture, the local people are also outspoken in architectural art due to the influence of the dominant religion. The hassan ii mosque is a great place to enjoy traditional Moroccan art and western culture. It is reported that the mosque’s 25 automatic doors are all made of titanium alloy, can resist seawater corrosion.
But the horseshoe-arched doors are very much present in the mosque, from the doors to the Windows to the mosaics and the entire square. Including the square fountain used in the ceremony of baptism is given priority to with arch, the fountain in the Moroccan cities and city (where I walked) can meet, but in addition to the vaulted modelling, and embodies the Morocco, another kind of beauty: Mosaic tiles, glass, plaster and library French this (named after the Iraqi town of library law, the art forms originated in there).
I saw the beauty of mosaics when I traveled in Jordan and bought some souvenirs to take home. Mosaic is a form of surface decoration by arranging different colors to form the desired pattern. This is common in Moroccan architecture and is usually used on walls and ceilings. There are many mosaics used in the mosque of hassan ii, but what I like most is the mosaics in the form of arches on the walls, which are really exquisite.
It is ubiquitous and an irreplaceable decoration for the entire mosque. Green is the main tone, blue is the auxiliary, there are some magenta and light yellow match. Decoration becomes an important part of the architecture. At one glance, visitors are shocked by the grandeur of the mosque of hassan ii, and then all eyes are immersed in the details of the art.
Mosaic originated in Greece, originally refers to the use of small stones, shells, tile fragments and other materials Mosaic collage. After thousands of years of development and evolution, Mosaic has become an art form of architecture, decoration and other aspects. But as a form of architectural decoration, it first appeared in Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia can be said to be the cradle of human civilization, the earliest human civilization appeared in Mesopotamia.
Besides be attracted by place of modelling of arch door building, also like this Mosaic mural very much at the same time. The middle outlet is used for ritual washing. But look closely this mural, with water outlet as the center, have the diffusion of rule on all sides next, collocation on colour not only is exquisite, also showed geometrical glamour. I think for those who are interested in art and design, they may find inspiration in this mosque.
According to the documents, the reason why king hassan ii wanted to build the mosque by the sea back then was a dream of his. In his dream he received the words of Allah: “the throne of Allah shall be upon the water.” In order to realize the dream of the king, the whole country of Morocco donated more than 500 million us dollars to raise construction funds, of which 3/5 was domestic and foreign donations and the rest was funded by the government.
For the king’s dream, 30,000 workers and technicians removed sand and reclaimed the sea, using 300,000 cubic meters of concrete, 40,000 tons of steel and 65,000 tons of marble. Five years later, the mosque was opened on August 30, 1993. The dream of the king finally came true. It was named after the king and became the new symbol of casablanca. Also one of the most famous buildings in Morocco, casablanca has become one of the must-see tourist attractions.