When it comes to Chinese inventions, one should never forget the four great inventions of ancient times, namely, paper making, compass, gunpowder and printing. These four great inventions not only greatly promoted the development of politics, economy and culture in ancient China, but also exerted a great influence on the history of world civilization. As a travel blogger who loves reading, writing and painting, I feel awe of history every time I touch a piece of paper. China has a long history of papermaking. Some say it originated in the western han dynasty, while others believe it originated in the eastern han dynasty.
However, no matter from what period the paper technology first appeared, as one of the ancient Chinese inventions, the emergence of paper is a great progress in the development of human civilization. In the early days of paper making, the raw materials were mainly bark and rags. The rags of that time were mainly hemp, and the main varieties were ramie and hemp. The bark is mainly sandalwood and broussonetia. But in sangyu county, xinjiang province, mulberry bark is used as the raw material for papermaking. Mulberry paper in ancient times has been used for high-grade painting and calligraphy, high-grade mounting, mulberry paper about the exact record of the tang dynasty.
In order to inherit and carry forward the ancient mulberry paper manufacturing industry, moyu county has a special mulberry paper street, located in the county town of chakchi buda village, “buda” is said to mean “buddhist”. The street was inhabited by more than a dozen vellum makers and dotted with vellum shops. So far, 52 villagers have mastered the craft of making mulberry paper. In 2006, mulberry paper was listed as a national intangible cultural heritage, which is an important window for people to understand the history of xinjiang paper culture.
Mulberry paper, as one of the oldest paper in western regions, is made of mulberry tree and poplar bark. Before knowing mulberry has silkworm, mulberry fruit can eat, little imagine its skin still has so long history and civilization development. This point, once again verified the wisdom of the ancients is amazing.
Mulberry paper strong and resilient, ancient called “han vellum”, originated in the han dynasty. Its mulberry bark as raw material, mainly produced in the central plains. Related historical records: as early as in the han dynasty, anhui ancient anhui area on the production of paper, so far has a history of 1800 years. The paper is called hanvellum because of The Times.
In 1908, the Englishman stein found an account made of mulberry paper in a tang dynasty monastery in mount mazatag, 100 kilometers north of hotan. This shows that as early as the tang dynasty, the use of mulberry paper calligraphy and painting has been flowing through the western regions, widely used. This is also recorded in xuanzang’s book on the western regions of the tang dynasty. Mulberry paper specifications divided into “han, han, han” three kinds, all for manual production.
Though modern machinery and equipment is very rich, but here, mulberry paper still follow the ancient craftsmen, USES the original handmade: picking mulberry article, peeling, drying, soaking, cooking pot, struck, fermentation, filtration into the mold, air is basked in, stripping the finished product and a series of process, a total of more than 40 working procedure, all is pure handmade. Its quality of a material fiber fine, texture clear, pliable and firm, fold not damage, light and not bone, water absorption, not rot insects not corrosion. The mulberry book that stein discovered that year illustrates this point.
Handmade mulberry paper is divided into raw paper and cooked paper. Raw paper is raw yellow paper and cooked paper is processed white paper. Nowadays, the paper we draw and draw is especially delicate and can be seen everywhere. It seems that people don’t care about the source of paper for a long time. In the face of the ancient paper is still passing down, most people have never heard of it. As for “mulberry paper”, it is also the first time for me to see it. I thought Tibetan “Tibetan paper” existed in the world and was old enough. I never thought that “mulberry paper” existed like a living fossil of culture.
Mulberry paper is very old, known as the “living fossil” of human paper industry. Mulberry paper was still very popular in the Ming and qing dynasties, until the 1940s, a lot of calligraphy and painting people used paper is mulberry paper. However, with the change of times, social progress and the development of science and technology, mulberry paper is no longer brilliant and has lost its practical value in the process of fading. But fortunately, after it was lucky to become the selected material of the imperial palace major repair, this folk unique skill attracted the world’s attention, and people also realized that this ancient paper industry has not disappeared, it is still in xinjiang moyu county continuous development and inheritance.
This is a painting made on mulberry paper. The painting is about the desert euphrate poplar, which is a typical landscape and landscape of xinjiang. Desert poplar, there is a kind of indomitable spirit in the face of harsh environment, and this spirit also expresses that no matter how many pieces of social development, people need to replace many pieces of things, the old mulberry paper is still indomitable.