When we talk about the culture of the great qin empire, the first thing that comes to mind is the qin mausoleum in xi ‘an, the terracotta warriors and horses of the qin dynasty and so on. Especially the magnificent qin terra-cotta warriors and horses of the grand scene, shocking every visitor. But few people seem to think of gansu or pay attention to its connection with the qin culture.
The culture of the early qin dynasty is one of the most important civilizations in Chinese history. With the popularity of historical and cultural dramas such as the empire of qin and the legend of mi yue in the past two years, the culture and history of the early qin dynasty are attracting more and more audiences (it is no longer the pursuit of qing dynasty dramas), and the tourism of xi ‘an is once again stepping up to a higher level. But it seems that many people have overlooked a place outside xi ‘an, is the western qin – tianshui city in gansu province, qinzhou majority, li county and xihe county.
But if you want to understand the culture of the qin ancestors, the early civilization of the qin people, the gansu qin culture museum in li county must not be missed. Here, you will understand that the prosperity of early qin civilization is inseparable from the west, and this west to the earth refers to where? Historians have long been divided.
Li county is the real birthplace of qin clan and qin culture, known as the “hometown of qin huang”. In the early qin dynasty culture has not been excavated, not by the attention of historians, li county is a small county. But when we gradually pay attention to the ancient civilization, dig the source of civilization, the county immediately famous longyou, famous throughout the country.
The gansu qin culture museum in li county is a must-see place to learn about the qin clan and qin culture. Located on the second floor of the museum, it mainly displays the cultural relics of the early qin dynasty in li county, which proves that “li county is the birthplace and cradle of the qin people”. A consensus has been reached with the rich prehistoric cultural sites and a large number of precious cultural relics unearthed in the western han river basin.
On the second floor, there are three exhibition halls, with the themes of “shepherding horses to the west, pingwei zhou room”, “xiangwen achievement, rites and music civilization” and “chuma yangwei, east into guanzhong”, which lay out the context of historical development and narrate a wonderful historical hymn.
A total of more than 5,000 related cultural relics, including more than 150 first-class cultural relics. But there is one striking message on display that cannot be easily ignored: dabaozishan.
A very precious ancient bronze ware was unearthed in dabaozishan. The inscription “ding for casting by the duke of qin” was carved inside the ware. Thus dug into the dabaozishan historical civilization.
About qishan, the local people are mainly called dabaozi mountain. As far as big baozi mountain is concerned, most people may not have heard of it, but when it comes to qishan, the name of this ring is not a few people do not know.
Qishan, located in gansu province, about 10 kilometers east of li county, the north of the western han dynasty water, the mountains show lift, soil fat, known as the name of jiuzhou block, the world of qi jun, the throat of shulong.
By the way, it was also an important ancient battlefield in the conflict between shu and han during The Three Kingdoms period. The scenic spot of wuhou temple shows that zhuge liang’s six expeditions to qishan (recorded twice in historical records, and described as novels and folk influences for six times) took place here.
Where there is mountain, there is water. Civilization is derived from this. The great cultural significance of the water in the western han dynasty is mainly reflected in the fact that the water in the western han dynasty is the mother river of the early qin people and the root and homeland of the qin ancestors. The early cultural relics on display in this museum show that the qin people were active in the area of dabaozi mountain, where the western han river flowed.
And most of the bronze vessels unearthed in li county and xihe county are inscribed with the name “qin gong” : qin gong GUI, qin gong kettle, qin gong ding, etc. However, unfortunately, due to the large number of cultural relics in dabuzishan tombs were looted by tomb raiders, resulting in the early qin culture still has many ambiguous places. And that precious “qin gong makes casting with cauldron” is a cultural relic that public security organs seized from grave robbers in the 1990s.
However, among the cultural relics that have been unearthed continuously since then, historians can be sure that the tomb of dabaozishan is the qin cemetery, but who is the “duke of qin”, duke of qin zhuang? Qin Xiang male? Duke wen of qin? It’s controversial.
Li county also unearthed such as “baofu xin ding,” a bronze vessel, which is the only shang ding in gansu with inscriptions, significant cultural significance. At the same time, the tiger in the museum’s collection is also a unique object, which is a cultural relic that appears on other objects of chime bells. Some people speculate that it is an instrument for playing chime bells.
But the most anticipated item is the treasure of the museum: the model of the national first-class cultural relic with cobras. But this bronze work is still controversial, some say it is the casket, others say it is the coffin model of the qin people buried the body, the specific purpose is still unknown. There are four birds on the top of the vehicle, and the four birds rotate at the same time to open the small box, which is the exquisite and amazing part of the cultural relic.
In its edge, is another fine level cultural relics: PAM grain; the oval He, this is a bronze cocktail shaker. On the coining bronze vessel there were thirty-six young animals, of which the most delicate was the tiger. But this is not the same as the tiger in the back that might be putting the instrument.
In addition to the above fine bronzes, the museum also displays a pair of jade figures, which are used as funeral objects instead of real people. In the past, alternative burial objects common in other museums included wooden and stone figures, but jade figures were rare. It can be inferred that the identity of the tomb owner is not ordinary, not royal but also noble.
This brings us to qin cemetery. In fact, a large number of tombs of early qin nobles were found in li county, which was regarded as the “western lingqu” by historians, and clearly reflected the pre-qin civilization in the founding history of daqin empire.
However, it is a pity and a matter of resentment that many of the early qin tombs in li county were looted and resold in the last century, and now many precious cultural relics are scattered among the people and even lost overseas, which is not only a loss of our civilization for later generations, but also a major difficulty in understanding the pre-qin culture.