Morocco is located in Africa, is a coastal Arab country. This is a north African kingdom very close to Europe, where western architecture is common. But in the traditional culture of the Arab world, Morocco still has a large number of traditional buildings, the most obvious of which is a variety of exquisite mosques. I was impressed by the kutubiya mosque in marrakesh.
One of the most beautiful mosques in north Africa, it was built in the 11th century with 17 colonnades perpendicular to the direction of the hajj to commemorate the victory over the Spanish. It is right next to the old city of marrakech. It is not in the center of the old city, but it is one of its most important monuments. Its minarets are very tall, up to 67 meters, the appearance of primitive and exquisite.
Compared with other mosques, the unique feature of kutubiya mosque is that when the minarets were built, nearly 10,000 bags of precious spices were mixed in the mud of the stones, which gave the mosque a strong fragrance. It is reported that so far still fragrance tangy, and thus “incense tower” said.
But walking around kutubiya mosque and its minarets, I did not smell the fragrance, which is probably a beautiful legend, or maybe it is true in history, but because of the age, the fragrance has long been lost in the long river.
The beautiful greenery surrounding the mosque is completely at odds with the image of an African country, even more so in the midst of the world’s largest desert. But what struck me about this mosque was not its surroundings or its simplicity, but the fact that the muezzin who climbed the tower and called for prayer had to be blind.
The startling reason was to prevent muezzin from peeping into the concubines in the back yard of a nearby palace. Historically, marrakech was an ancient capital ruled by the Moroccan dynasty, one of the four imperial cities, and known as the capital of the south. Here, there are still a lot of ruins of palaces in the ancient capital, which not only show the glory of marrakech, but also show the development of its civilization.
As the mosque is closed to visitors, visitors can enter the perimeter of the mosque through the small garden. The mosque is incomplete because of its history, but it is one of the most popular places of interest in marrakech.
Although the mosque is not as impressive in appearance as the mosque of hassan ii, its history and culture make it attractive. It is the oldest mosque in Morocco, and its historical significance and value far outweigh that of the mosque of hassan ii. According to locals, there is an unseen tomb in front of the mosque on the left, where the owner has been sleeping for hundreds of years.
The mosque is actually divided into two parts. One was built in the 8th century, more than 1,200 years ago. In the 11th century, a mosque was built next to the site. It is also more than 1,000 years old. It is still in use, but non-believers are not allowed inside. There are three balls on the top of the spire, representing the earth, water and fire from the largest to the smallest.
In the square of the mosque, there are many destroyed colonnades, but even so, it is still spectacular.
Because of the mosque, the general visitors are not allowed to enter. So I had to walk around the mosque. But you can still see the historical remains of an ancient building. On one side of the temple is a small ruins, part of the mosque’s architecture, probably from the 8th century.
A number of white tents have been set up around the gate of the monastery, possibly for pilgrims. There are other sites around the monastery, such as the 700-year-old olive garden, the 16th-century domed tomb of the saad dynasty, and the palace and museum built in the 19th century.