If you ask the birthplace of American civilization, many people will think of the Inca civilization, one of the three major Indian civilizations. The Machu Picchu site west of Cusco, Peru, is regarded as the main representative. However, the Inca Empire, which was in its prime in South America, was actually created by the Ulu tribe living in the lake. Most historians therefore regard the lake as the real birthplace of South American civilization.
The lake was formed in the crustal movement 20 million years ago. Because of the typical sedimentary rocks and the fault geology of the double basins, it is listed as one of the five prehistoric lakes in the world. The total length of the lake bank is about 1125 kilometers, with an average depth of 107 meters (281 meters at the deepest). It is located in the Andes with an altitude of 3812 meters, and it is also navigable for small and medium-sized ships. It is known as the highest navigable Lake in Shanghai.
Among the evidences available at present, the earliest aborigines are all the Ulu people originated from the Amazon River Basin. Because of tribal wars or avoiding the natural disasters of earthquakes and volcanoes, they migrated all the way along the river to the shores of Lake Kaka. After a series of repels and deportations, a small number of URU people weaved reed islands in the lake with superb skills, and most of them scattered all over South America. Some of them built the Inca Empire.
In fact, there are 52 islands of different sizes in the lake, but the ethnic attributes of the residents are disordered. Especially in the middle ages, the major tribes set up kingdoms and fought against each other. More and more weak and small primitive tribes were forced to leave the Amazon rainforest and follow the example of Ulu people who built or occupied islands in the lake to settle down, gradually forming the status quo of nearly 100 primitive tribes and ethnic groups.
Before the Spanish colonization, there were many small-scale wars among the ethnic groups in Lake Titicaca. With the collapse of the Inca Empire, these tribes united to resist the colonization, open the door to receive the urus who escaped slavery from the Inca Empire, and build a “Temple” on the sun island and the Moon Island, so as to replace Machu Picchu as the “holy land” and “Saint” of the Indians Lake.
Interestingly, the Spanish thought that Lake Titicaca was not of great strategic and economic value at that time, so they ignored it. However, the islanders thought that the strength of unity scared away the outsiders, so they still kept the practice of team fishing and watching in turn. Even though Lake Titicaca was jointly managed by Bolivia and Peru, the islanders were still inseparable 。
From La Paz, the capital of Bolivia, to Copacabana, a small lakeside city, it takes 4 hours by car, and then purchase a ferry with only two voyages a day to go to Sun Island. You can choose to dock and disembark at each reed island or return by the original way. It is worth mentioning that each tourist will be charged 250 bonos for sightseeing (including boat fare), and 10 bonos (about 9 yuan) for boarding.
Most of the 52 natural islands in the lake are inhabited, but what really attracts tourists is the small floating island built by nearly a thousand urus. Not only the floating island and the houses on the island are made of reed, but also the boats fishing and transporting materials are made of reed. According to the local people, the reed boat can be used for more than ten years if it is soaked in fish oil for three days before weaving.
Before the frantic influx of tourists into Lake Kaka, the only source of income for the islanders was fishing, because the local natives on the shore were forbidden to grow crops on the land, so they could only catch fish and exchange food with the local natives. After more and more tourists come, the islanders take fishing as a gimmick to attract tourists. Most of them build houses and restaurants on reed Island, and then weave some handmade souvenirs for sale. The highest income can reach tens of millions of bonos every year.
In order to vent the dissatisfaction of being excluded for thousands of years, the urus on the 52nd islands of one lake and two countries abide by the same “ancestral precept”, that is, never intermarry with foreigners, and forbid any outsiders to settle here. However, they are very warm to tourists. Some female Island owners will take the initiative to learn greetings in various languages. The amount of food ordered by tourists will always be double, even the most expensive trout will also be on two.