The desert has a thousand years old temple, a large number of Buddha and bodhisattva statues stolen, western explorers are bandits

When you learn more of Chinese ancient civilization, will can’t help wanted to explore places of historic interest and scenic beauty, no matter where it is, is between the mountain lake, or in a valley forest, or is in the boundless wilderness areas, and even as far afield as mysterious deep sea of “death”, attracts the world civilization and heritage like treasure.

The desert has a thousand years old temple, a large number of Buddha and bodhisattva statues stolen, western explorers are bandits from wada district cultural and tourism bureau

For western explorers and archaeologists, the ancient lands of the east hold many enticing treasures, hidden in deserts, basins, and canyons, in almost every inaccessible place, guarded by history and sand.

The desert has a thousand years old temple, a large number of Buddha and bodhisattva statues stolen, western explorers are bandits

Located in lope county, hetian district, the zwack buddhist temple was once looted by the British explorer stein for the purpose of his expedition to this buddhist temple hidden in the curacansman desert.

The desert has a thousand years old temple, a large number of Buddha and bodhisattva statues stolen, western explorers are bandits

The zwak buddhist temple is a temple building site located in the center of the buddhist pagoda, with a total area of 2,250 square meters. The tower yard building relic plane is square, yard wall adobe masonry, the outside of the tower surrounded by a square yard wall, 45.5 meters long from east to west, 49.4 meters long from north to south, residual height of about 3 meters, about 1 meter thick, the middle of the south wall for the yard door.

The desert has a thousand years old temple, a large number of Buddha and bodhisattva statues stolen, western explorers are bandits

Pagoda with adobe masonry, residual height of 9 meters, the plane for the “ten” shape, the tower for the quadrupole, plane square side length of 15 meters, 5.3 meters high. The tower is cylindrical, 9.6 meters in diameter and 3.6 meters in height. There are exquisite Buddha and bodhisattva statues on both sides of the courtyard wall, as well as a large number of smaller auxiliary images and reliefs, and a small number of murals on the courtyard wall.

The desert has a thousand years old temple, a large number of Buddha and bodhisattva statues stolen, western explorers are bandits

According to legend, xuan zang stopped here on his way to the buddhist scriptures and when he returned to the tang dynasty. But the temple was gradually abandoned in the late tang dynasty. The scale of the existing sites has basically retained the status of the initial construction period.

The desert has a thousand years old temple, a large number of Buddha and bodhisattva statues stolen, western explorers are bandits

There is no record of the history of the temple or the period of its rise and fall. Domestic scholars generally believe that it was built in the southern and northern dynasties, and its architectural style and frescoes were deeply influenced by gandhara culture. A large number of frescoes and statues of great research value were unearthed. In fact, gandhara culture has a great influence on the content and form of buddhist art in xinjiang.

The desert has a thousand years old temple, a large number of Buddha and bodhisattva statues stolen, western explorers are bandits from hotan district cultural and tourism bureau

In the 4th century BC, western art spread to the east as Alexander, king of Greece and Macedonia, marched east. Thus, the buddhist art that originated in India and flourished in gandhara’s guishang dynasty naturally influenced the western regions.

The desert has a thousand years old temple, a large number of Buddha and bodhisattva statues stolen, western explorers are bandits

Swedish explorer sven hedin, after excavating the world-shaking site of dandan ulrich, said the Buddha statue there mimicked the customs of the Hindu faithful.

The desert has a thousand years old temple, a large number of Buddha and bodhisattva statues stolen, western explorers are bandits from wada district cultural and tourism bureau

Of course, this is a subjective statement that foreigners consider when they do not fully understand Chinese culture. Although the art elements of India and gandhara can be found in all the xinjiang sculptures, the xinjiang sculptures are by no means the copies of them. They are the innovative process of absorption, melting and re-creation, thus forming a unique xinjiang art.

The desert has a thousand years old temple, a large number of Buddha and bodhisattva statues stolen, western explorers are bandits

Otherwise, these western explorers would not have devoured these cultural treasures like a hungry Wolf. There was a small temple outside the east wall of the site. The walls were painted with plaster, and there were vaulted niches where the Buddha was said to have been. Now, perhaps stein knows where this Buddha is going.

The desert has a thousand years old temple, a large number of Buddha and bodhisattva statues stolen, western explorers are bandits and tian district cultural and tourism bureau

& have spent According to the materials, the statues of the buddhist temple of zwak have been repaired and reconstructed many times in history, mainly including Buddha and bodhisattva. It is 3 meters high, about every 60-70 meters. Stein visited twice and stole more than 90 buddhas and surrounding statues from the temple’s east and south walls. Later, other explorers came and dug up more, bringing with them a collection of statues dating from the 3rd to the 7th century.

The desert has a thousand years old temple, a large number of Buddha and bodhisattva statues stolen, western explorers are bandits provided by wada district cultural and tourism bureau

It is hard to imagine the glory of these fine works of art, which have only been eroded by nature for thousands of years, and which have suffered from the disputes and excavations of history.

The desert has a thousand years old temple, a large number of Buddha and bodhisattva statues stolen, western explorers are bandits from hotan district cultural and tourism bureau

In the dusk of dusk, the “original historical appearance” of the buddhist temple of rewak was in front of me. Through the glass, I tried to recall the scene of xuanzang’s path here, but the history and wind and sand did not speak, and my vision finally fell into desolation and desolation.

The desert has a thousand years old temple, a large number of Buddha and bodhisattva statues stolen, western explorers are bandits

In order to protect the site and the environment, there are many sand belts around it. Although the monuments can not speak, the sand is also heartless, the square sand belt like a sky net to protect here, but it can not help but generate infinite thinking and melancholy.

The desert has a thousand years old temple, a large number of Buddha and bodhisattva statues stolen, western explorers are bandits

On the long silk road, there once stood the ruins of many temples, and the river valley on both sides of the silk road was inlaid with grottoes. In this ancient land, how many ancient sites have not been discovered, and how many have been looted and destroyed? I don’t know, but history records everything.

The desert has a thousand years old temple, a large number of Buddha and bodhisattva statues stolen, western explorers are bandits

The desert has a thousand years old temple, a large number of Buddha and bodhisattva statues stolen, western explorers are bandits

The desert has a thousand years old temple, a large number of Buddha and bodhisattva statues stolen, western explorers are bandits

If you travel to xinjiang, please slow down if you pass by. Here, you can not only see the beautiful and warm guardians, but also taste authentic mutton and roast buns. More importantly, it is one of the most important cultural sites in xinjiang.

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