Since Buddhism was introduced into China, the ancient Chinese civilization has been enriched by religious art and culture. Hamming sense of dream, the beginning of its way. In the long history of more than 1900 years, a large legacy. Among them, what fascinates me most is the beauty of religious architecture and the essence of grotto carving.
Qutan temple, located in ledu, qinghai, is the most primitive temple I have come across, with a history of more than 600 years. It is the only official group building of early Ming dynasty in qinghai province, and also the most complete and large-scale temple building of Ming dynasty in northwest China.
As far as buddhist temples are concerned, official buildings are not rare, but what is rare is that this qutan temple not only has the reputation of “small imperial palace”, but also has huge color murals worth studying.
When I saw this ancient buddhist temple for the first time, my heart felt warm and quiet. Just by chance, the setting sun is setting, the elegance of the brick and wood structure and the quiet of the long years are good, make this 21 centuries civilization time unexpectedly has a flavor of primitive simplicity and artistic conception, also make me absolutely did not expect it will be a Tibetan Buddhism gelug school temple.
Perhaps itself is the ancient Tibetan civilization has infinite awe and exploration, so the qutan temple in front of me in this ancient history long river, became the most unforgettable stop in my journey.
It was built in the 25th year of minghong and was very small at that time. Later in the second year, zhu yuanzhang, emperor taizu of the Ming dynasty, gave the name “qutan temple” and ordered the extension and repair of qutan temple.
After emperor taizu of the Ming dynasty, emperor chengzu of the Ming dynasty, emperor mingren zong and emperor xuanzong of the Ming dynasty successively issued several oracles to continue to build qutan temple. The four emperors issued seven oracles, which took 36 years to complete.
Later, in the second year of xuande’s reign, the temple built a replica of the taihe temple in Beijing’s Forbidden City, making qutan temple even more magnificent. So for locals, entering qutan temple is like visiting the Forbidden City in Beijing. But the hall of supreme harmony repeatedly built repeatedly destroyed, not only after years of polishing, but also under the historical changes, it is not the first time it was built.
But the temple has been preserved intact, is the highest and most spectacular building of the whole temple, is also the earliest Ming dynasty palace building, the plaque for the emperor xuande imperial book. Thus it can be seen that qutan temple is a royal temple with royal architecture.
Inside the temple, there are 18 arhats on both sides and painted murals of sakyamuni, bodhisattva, bhikkhu and joy Buddha. These murals are not only exquisite, but also complete.
More important is, there are extremely precious elephant back cloud drum, nanmu “emperor ten thousand long live” wooden plate and other cultural relics. Is to visit the qutan temple must not miss the main hall, also can not be hurried through, must slow down the pace, quiet down the heart, in the butter tea fragrance experience the ancient civilization, listening to the sound of zen.
But in addition to the temple, the temple gate, kumgang temple, qutan temple, baoguang temple are palace buildings, in this area of qinghai is very rare. From the entrance to the mountain gate, the temple, with its scattered topography, showed me more magnificent buildings of greater scale, including imperial tablet pavilion, bell tower, cloisters, pagodas, side halls, and so on.
But the most worthy exploration or “72 water hall”, that is, the corridor murals, the area of about 400 square meters, murals for buddhist legends and stories, including the emperor of the past dynasties to support the qutan temple, but no matter the figure image or techniques are sophisticated, can be called the most qutan temple art. After more than 600 years, the colors are still vivid.
In the afterglow of the sunset, filaments of light through the wooden lattice window, the looming of the ancient murals is calming. Especially in this peaceful environment where there are few tourists, my figure is like a mortal in the world, falling into the beam of light, full of infinite awe of everything in front of me.
Whether it is architecture, murals, stone carvings, wood carvings, or prints, brick carvings, tile, the imagination of the ancient temple is the qutan temple. It back against the luohan mountain, before the qutan river, facing the phoenix mountain, hidden in the mighty and quiet geomantic victory. It is quiet, unsophisticated and free from the hustle and bustle of the world. It is exquisite, refined, in the long river precipitation more than 600 years of ancient rhyme.
In the face of such a preserved 600 years old temple, today is very rare. The temple is also extremely rich in cultural relics, including the Ming dynasty Chinese and Tibetan contrast tablets, Ming and qing plaques, Ming and qing xuande made two years of the bronze clock, censer, ivory Buddha beads, stone statue of miraziba, the emperor gave gold seal and so on.
It is interesting that although qutan temple is a Tibetan buddhist temple, the temple architecture is basically in the form of a han temple. The whole temple is made up of front, middle and rear courtyards. It is on a central axis, and along the axis, it walks inside, as if all troubles fly away from the mountain gate, which makes me feel relaxed and peaceful. Even in the dusk, I will not leave.
1, xining bus station (opposite the railway station) to ledu coach, distance of about 80 km, ticket price of about 10 yuan, every 20 minutes or so; Upon arrival in ledu, take a short shuttle bus to qutan temple, 30 minutes’ drive, 5 yuan one way.
2. The entrance fee to the temple is 50 yuan.
3. The temple will be closed at 5pm and many important halls will not be open.
4, the temple murals are generally prohibited to take photos, including the national long temple can not take photos, if you want to take photos, must be allowed to master.
5, enter the temple to keep quiet, not to shout, more can not run jump fight.
6, civilized tourists, civilized tourism, to all cultural relics to have a conscious sense of protection.