How much do you know about the taklamakan desert?
“The largest desert in China”, “the sea of death”, “the world’s second largest floating desert”, “walk in, not out”…… Either way, these descriptions are indicative of the desert’s isolation from human life and civilization.
The taklamakan desert, which stretches about 1,000 kilometers from east to west, has been described by some as the “death of all things once they come back” and is known as the last mysterious place in China. Deep in this vast desert, however, lies a settlement of unknown origin: daliyabui.
The daliyaburi villagers are the only inhabitants of the desert, having lived in the desert for thousands of years, only becoming known to the outside world a century ago. This mysterious and ancient village is the only magical oasis in the heart of the taklamakan desert.
Who was the first person to discover dariabooi?
In 1895, the world-renowned Swedish explorer sven heding along the keriya hebei, across the desert, has made an investigation of tungus baz, under the guidance of local residents, successfully crossed the taklamakan, and found the ancient city of dandan ulick and kaladun.
A few years later, in with the discovery of the ancient city of loulan, finally established as a explorer sven hedin worldwide reputation, his first visit in xinjiang works “across Asia,” make the world know for the first time in the center of the taklimakan this sea of death, even a tiny oasis, it is the name of the tunguska, transcribing, hanged for wild boar.
But since then, the mysterious oasis has remained hidden in the desert, and the world has known little about it. It wasn’t until the 1950s that the yutian county government learned that there were still a group of people living deep in the desert in its prefecture.
Residents say daria (river) bouyi (river bank) gave tungusbazi a new name, dariyabui, commonly known as the great riparian.
Where did the enigmatic daliapuyi come from?
Entering the new century, daria bouyenne gradually opened her mysterious veil to people. So where did the daliapuyi, who lived in the desert for thousands of years, come from?
A few years after the discovery of tungusbazit by sven herding, the British explorer stein followed his footprints to the ancient settlement and made ethnographic measurements of the tungusbazit natives, which attracted worldwide attention.
In October 2001, a joint investigation team from China and fakriya entered dariyabouyi and carried out an investigation along the lower reaches of the keliya river on yuansha ancient city deep in the desert.
This is the earliest ancient city in the archaeological history of xinjiang found in the heart of the desert, a major discovery that gives the world a new understanding of the ancient people in the lower reaches of the keliya river.
The kriya river, invented at the end of kalakoram, flows down the river like a jade belt, flowing into the vast desert and nourishing all things in dariabouyi. The origins of the daliaboois, who they were and where they had come from, were further obscured by the civilization of water.
After a century-long investigation on race, population, physiology, ethics, society, archaeology, heredity and so on, there is no definite conclusion on the origin and composition of the lineage. & have spent
Outside the public opinions vary, some people speculate that the descendants of loulan
To this day, the ancient dariapuyi are still shrouded in a mysterious aura, the social circles of the origin of the different, different. One is the descendants of the Mongolian and Tibetan people, the other is the blood of the dingling people, and the third is the descendants of loulan.
Loulan ancient city, an ancient city lost in the desert, was destined to be noticed by the world from the day of its discovery. Loulan was once the only route of the silk road. It was an ancient capital of western regions with prosperous trade and developed economy. Later, due to the diversion of kongquehe river and the shrinking of lop nur, the living environment of loulan people became increasingly harsh. After about 422 AD, people abandoned loulan city due to severe drought and gradually moved south.
It has been speculated that the loulan people discovered the keliya river when they moved south and established dariyaburi along the keliya river. The daliyabui who live here today are descendants of loulan. It is also said that they crossed the kunlun mountains into xinjiang for the sake of being descendants of the arigurg dynasty in Tibet. Like the ancient city of loulan, the disappearance of the guge dynasty overnight also left many unanswered questions.
But there is no truth history, ancient city of loulan, guge dynasty, too many mysteries were buried in the long river of history, the posterity of guess whether it’s for the study of the origin of civilization, is sent at one time after a meal, live in kerry of the Banks of the river, in the elegant buie people still follow the grandparents living habits, guarded the desert. No one knows where they came from.
If you ask them when they moved here, no one knows the answer, just the sentence “generations have lived here”, people will be infinite reverie. But because of the river, locals prefer to call themselves creyas.
Although we still do not know where the creya people came from, the discovery of tungusbazit, an ancient village that disappeared in the history books for more than 2,000 years, is as famous in the world, especially in geography, history and archaeology, as the ruins of loulan and guge.
Today’s dariabue: civilization and primitive are intertwined
In 1989, as in the establishment of township, police station, hospital, school, etc., this mysterious desert settlements to formally in the process of modern civilization, kerry in one thousand and lived in Maya began from nomadic to settle down, took the camels and dream, across the desert and highways crisscross, history and reality.
guess which is me?
Nowadays, most creyas have moved out of the desert, but the ancient dwellings still remain on the riverbank of creyas. However, with the vigorous development of xinjiang tourism in recent years, a small number of people have converted their old houses into hotels, usually large shops, in order to promote their native land.
Whenever we mention the taklamakan desert, we feel awe and fear at the same time. But the mysterious daliyabue sits in the desert’s belly button, and its tourism development is the dream of ordinary tourists who want to explore the taklamakan desert.
Early autumn is the best season for photography, trekking and scientific expeditions in the daliaburi desert. When you come here, you will not only be attracted by the magnificent beauty of millions of acres of primeval poplars and reeds, but also be shocked by the ancient village history and mystery. You can’t help but lament the changes in history, the resilience of life and the thought of the future.
But the road to dariabue is still a tough one. After starting from yutian county, the broad tree-lined road turns to the pothole dirt road on the east bank of the keriya river, then enters the desert and travels more than 220 kilometers to the north.
No one lives all the way, because the outside of the window and the sand dunes gave me the feeling is a feeling of stagnation of space-time ashes were: sand jumping on a rolling sand dunes, clear winding kerry river to the desert, such as the fire of the Philippine, golden p. euphratica, reed dance, colorful shrubs and rambling flocks on the riverbed.
The boundless vitality of nature makes this “sea of death”, which is feared by the world, a little more gentle.
In the vast desert, this is the last group of herdsmen clinging to the desert
This was my first trip deep into the taklamakan desert, my first visit to dariyaburi. From yutian county city, along the way found many off-road vehicles in and out of the village, it can be seen that the “sea of death” is no longer so terrible. This ancient and primitive settlement has attracted many photographers and explorers.
Arriving in the village, I realized how difficult life is for the creyas. The desert has turned their village into an island. There are no roads or railways, only sand dunes. Even though an suv rolls its wheels back and forth across the desert, the sand is windswept, and one must stand in awe of the shifting dunes of the taklamakan.
From the deviation from the desert road, the road into the village, the whole journey has an average of nine sand dunes up to 40-50 meters, which is not the ordinary suv can cross. At the same time, the cell phone signal here is quite fragile, the network is cut. You can’t imagine how the creyans could figure out their way home in the desert without maps and cars.
Daliyaburi, though a township, is actually a relatively concentrated cluster of dozens of families, and it is here that visitors arrive. But along the way, we met a few families that were far apart. Villagers said that if someone had a big event and needed to send out invitations, usually a month in advance, and to attend the event, at least half a month later to catch up.
Today, though, vehicles are arranged for the convenience of the kriya. But in the past, the creyas relied on camels and donkeys to transport their needs, and a trip to the village would take at least eight days. & have spent
Perhaps stuck in a rut, communicating with some of the creyas who remain in the village, you find that the hardships of life in the desert have not affected their sense of optimism.
Ancient buildings in the depths of the desert
The creyans’ homes were simple but neat. The walls were made of poplar branches and were covered with thin mud. The door of some somebody else, it is whole poplar wood directly. Although resources are scarce, but local materials (pick up natural dead poplar wood) is also a heartless desert sentient gift.
Populus euphratica has the tenacious spirit of “living for thousands of years, dying for thousands of years without falling down”. Its fossils have been found in the tertiary new century strata of the kizil thousand-buddha cave in xinjiang and the blacksmith ditch in dunhuang for 65 million years. Chinese archaeologists have also found that more than 2,000 years ago, the building materials, coffins and other wooden products in loulan, an ancient city in the taklamakan desert, were all made by eupoplar.
Thus, in the heart of the desert without brick and cement, the creyas used their ingenuity to build houses that would last a lifetime, and that would last a thousand years in such a dry desert.
Each family has a courtyard, although no flowers green grass, but euphrasal magnificent teach people praise.
Can’t miss the desert flavor
Despite the development of tourism in daliabue, this village is different from all tourist villages. Its special geography makes it unique in many aspects, including its flavor.
The lack of material resources in the desert did not hinder the creyans’ pursuit of delicious food. Baked whole sheep in the desert and “kumaki” are the warmest and most primitive taste of dariyabue. But compared with the well-known roast sheep, “kumaji cake” is little-known, this hot sand scalded desert cake, not only has the fragrance of fresh mutton, or desert native aroma.
For the creyans who move out of the desert and into new houses by the road, there is no food more homely. So when an old dariabue made this scones for us, her hands, her eyes, gave it a very different tenderness and delicacy.
lamb soup forget to shoot, send a lamb instead hahaha
If you can, don’t miss the creya stew. Because of the river’s salty flavor, locals never use salt when stewed mutton. It may seem like the river is a substitute for food, but in fact, the broth is especially delicious.
It’s the most delicious thing in the desert, especially if you drink this bowl of lamb soup after a day’s ride in an suv to a village.
But eating mutton and kumaki in the desert, is that all? Digging under the roots of tamarisk trees is another way of life, or livelihood, for the local people. Da yun is a kind of very rare desert Chinese medicine, known as the “desert ginseng” reputation, the history of western regions countries as a treasure of the imperial court, mainly distributed in xinjiang and Inner Mongolia.
In the courtyards of several of the homes I visited, the seeds were mostly hung out to dry. They were towed to the county seat for sale, but many tourists bought them there.
Preparation before departure + psychological preparation
1, due to the long journey, the geographical environment is complex, please be sure to find a local guide to lead the way.
2, self-driving tour enthusiasts please do not take their own car through, try to take the local “strength”, experienced off-road vehicle.
3. The village is short of resources and water is too precious to provide showers. Even if it’s a simple wash, with the option of chewing gum and wipes, don’t waste mineral water.
4, accommodation conditions are generally large tongpu (several people or a dozen people sleep together).
There is no Internet in the desert and the signal is very weak.
6, the desert environment is poor and fragile, for the personal garbage must be carried.
7, when visiting the village, do not deviate from the village, once across a dune, may be lost.
8. At present, the number of tourists entering dariaburi is more than that of photography groups.
9, respect local customs and culture, civilized tourism.