Australia is the abbreviation of the Commonwealth of Australia, covering an area of 769.2 square kilometers. It is the second largest country in the southern hemisphere;
Australia is a well-known country of immigrants, the integration of multi-ethnic formed a colorful customs;
Australia has a history of only 200 years, but the aboriginal civilization with a long history is the bright treasure of human beings;
Australia is the only country in the world to occupy a complete continent. Its unique geographical environment has given birth to many world heritage sites;
Here are ten recommended tourist attractions in Australia. If you plan to travel to Australia, you can use them as a reference!
World Heritage – the Great Barrier Reef
The Great Barrier Reef, a magnificent world heritage, is the only living thing that can be seen from outer space!
The Great Barrier Reef is located on the northeast coast of Australia, east of Queensland, between the Tropic of cancer and the Papua sea. It is 2300 kilometers long from north to south, 20 to 240 kilometers wide from east to west, with a total area of 4.79 million square kilometers and an average water depth of 2400 meters. The Great Barrier Reef belongs to the coral reef, which is formed by the accumulation of countless coral insects over 15000 years. At present, there are more than 700 coral islands in the sea area, which are composed of more than 350 kinds of corals respectively, which can be called one of the eight wonders in the world. In 1981, the Great Barrier Reef was planned as a world heritage and became the most famous tourist attraction in Australia, attracting millions of tourists from home and abroad every year! Whether you are a luxury tour or an economic tour, you can experience an unforgettable adventure in the Great Barrier Reef Scuba diving, snorkeling, glass bottomed boats, water motorcycles, semi submarines, sailboats, skydiving from the air or high altitude, no matter which way you use, you can witness the infinite charm of the Great Barrier Reef, and indulge in the beauty of the world.
The Great Barrier Reef was originally formed 25 million years ago. Most of the reefs here are living corals, which are composed of countless and tiny corals. Coral is a coelenterate that grows in the tropical ocean and can secrete calcareous. After a long time, it has formed a variety of coral reefs. The coral reefs in the sea area of the Great Barrier Reef present a colorful and charming underwater world landscape in the blue ocean. There are also 5500 kinds of marine creatures, including sea cucumber, starfish, rare platypus and butterfly fish.
Whitsunday Island is composed of 74 coral islets, belonging to the world heritage reserve of the Great Barrier Reef. Holy Spirit Island is the largest of the 74 islands. These islands include the famous Hayman Island, Hamilton Island, Lindeman Island, Daydream Island, and hook island. In addition to their different shapes and sizes, they are all first-class tourist resorts. The unique tropical rainforest style and perfect tourism service facilities attract a large number of tourists to come for sightseeing.
Cairns, one of the most famous tourist cities in Australia, is located in the northernmost part of the east coast of the continent, with a population of 120000. The unique geographical and cultural environment here is full of Australian tropical rainforest, known as “the first city of Australian tropical rainforest”. As the gate to the Great Barrier Reef, Cairns attracts millions of tourists from home and abroad to visit here every year.
Architectural Classics – Sydney Opera House
Sydney Opera House is not only the art palace of Australia, but also the soul of Sydney. Tourists from all over the world come to visit and take photos every day. In the morning, in the evening or in the starry sky, no matter they stroll leisurely or go out to sea, Sydney Opera House shows different and charming styles to tourists at any time.
The Sydney Opera House looks like a white sail that is about to sail out in the wind, reflecting the surrounding ocean scenery. Every year, about 3000 performances are held in Sydney Opera House, and about 2 million audiences go to watch it. It is one of the largest performing arts centers in the world.
Coastal wonders – Ocean Road
Dayang road is located in the southwest of Melbourne, between Jilong and Campbell, with a total length of 300 kilometers of coastal road. Since the early 1980s, Dayang road has been officially designated as a national natural park open to tourists. After more than 20 years of development and promotion, it has now become one of the few world famous tourist attractions in Australia.
The historical background of Dayang Road
After the first World War, about 50000 Australian soldiers returned from Britain. At that time, due to the depression of the national economy and the rise of the unemployment rate, the government was in a helpless position. Only these soldiers were arranged to open up wasteland and build roads. In 1932, the 180 km coastal road from Jilong to Campbell port was officially opened. Because “the first World War” is usually called “great war” in English, and this road was built by soldiers who participated in the first World War, it was officially named “Great Ocean Road”.
Some beautiful views on the Ocean Road
Split Point Lighthouse
Sprite lighthouse, also known as “little red hat Lighthouse”, is one of the main scenic spots on the ocean road. In the beautiful scenery, the lighthouse is very bright. The blue sky sets off the white lighthouse, especially the brilliant red on the top of the tower, which is highlighted particularly. Through a bush, you can also see the famous heart-shaped reef and eagle rock, “little red hat” is surrounded by beautiful scenery
Gibson stage is a zigzag cliff path along the coastline of Dayang road in Port Campbell National Park. From the stone stage, you can go down to the rough Gibson beach, and feel the magnificence of the cliff at a close distance. (Sunrise) there are thousands of years of waves on the cliff wall. When you walk on the narrow stone steps, your heart will beat faster and feel more thrilling.
Apollo Bay is the middle station of Dayang road. There is a spectacular view of the bay to the east or west. You can wait for the beautiful sunrise on the beach. When the sun rises gradually from the sea level and the sky is full of sunshine, the peaceful town will be more quiet and beautiful. In the winter, there’s still a chance to see the South right whale~
Loch Ard Gorge
Two kilometers away from the twelve disciples, lockadee Canyon is a precipitous coastal structure. The sea water flows in from the gates formed by the high cliffs on both sides, forming a deep blue jade pool. Here, you can enjoy the rock landscape of the canyon at a close distance, or you can follow the canyon ladder down to the seaside, stroll and enjoy the scenery.
Twelve apostles stone is located on the coastline of Port Campbell National Park. After thousands of years of sea water weathering, 12 broken rocks are gradually formed. They stand on the coastline in different shapes, just like the twelve disciples of Jesus. The rocks of the vicissitudes of life give people a profound sense of history, which makes you unable to move your sight.
History – Port Arthur prison
Port Arthur is located in Tasman Peninsula, Tasmania, Asia, 102 kilometers away from the capital city of Hobart. It is the best preserved prison monument in Australia, known as “Australia’s Gulag”. From 1830 to 1877, there were more than 12000 British prisoners in exile. The prison was surrounded by mountains, like a natural barrier castle. For the former exiles, it was also the most gloomy place of fear, known as the “hell hole”. At present, there are ancient churches, gunpowder stores, cells and guard towers built by prisoners for tourists to visit. There is also a prison museum full of unique styles, which displays many pictures and objects of the past, including prisoners’ prison clothes, whips and chains.
Marine ecology – geese Island
Phillip Island is 128 kilometers southeast of Melbourne. It is also known as “geese island” because it is the place to watch the world’s smallest penguin. Geese island is one of the most famous tourist attractions in Australia, attracting millions of domestic and foreign visitors to see the rare ecological spectacle here every year.
The penguin paradise is the largest penguin conservation base in the world. There are a large number of wildlife experts here engaged in penguin research and protection. Now there are more than 30000 penguins living in Phillip Island. According to statistics, there are 17 kinds of penguins in the world, all of which live in the southern hemisphere, and the little penguin is a unique species in Australia. Little penguins will come back here every day when the sun sets, forming a rare return to the nest. We suggest that you arrive at the scenic spot one hour before Penguin returns. You can visit the visitor exhibition hall in advance, replenish energy in the coffee bar, and then set off for the beach. After dusk, the staff will guide tourists from all over the world to sit on the beach orderly and wait for the penguins to return home. The penguins are not allowed to take photos and take pictures when they return to their nests. Because they are afraid of people’s light source stimulating the eyes of the little penguins, the island implements light control at this time. There are only a few incandescent lamps with very small wattage on the coastal side, and only a few small bulbs can be seen on the shore at the seashore of more than 1000 meters.
As early as a thousand years ago, little penguins built their nests in the sand dunes of Philippe island. They went out early and came back late every day. Even though they couldn’t see their fingers in the dark, they always followed a fixed route back to their caves for thousands of years. Little penguins leave the island in the daytime and swim to the deep sea for food about one or two hundred kilometers away from the shore. When the sun sets and dusk comes, a little penguin passes by with its mouth full of food, ready to go back to feed the baby penguins in the nest. The little penguin’s chubby and charmingly naive look is so cute. No matter when the penguins go to sea, the time they return to the island is as accurate as human timing.
Desert Boulder – Ayers Rock
The most famous scenic Ayers Rock in central Australia is located in the desert area of central Australia, about 340 kilometers southwest of Alice Spring. “Ayers Rock” is called “Uluru” in the native language. It has a circumference of 9 kilometers and an altitude of 867 meters (ground height of 348 meters). It is the largest independent rock in the world.
Ayers Rock was first discovered by European explorer William Gosse in 1873. At that time, he saw a very spectacular mountain from a distance. When he walked all the way and climbed the rock, he found that the “mountain” was actually a huge rock raised from the plain. He felt the mysterious atmosphere of the stone. Then he praised: “every time I saw this rock He named the rock after Henry Ayers, then governor of the colony of South Australia.
Australia animal Kangaroo Island
Kangaroo Island is a famous nature reserve and resort in Australia. It is located in South Australia, 113 kilometers away from the capital city Adelaide, 150 kilometers long and 40 kilometers wide. It is the third largest island in Australia. The island has 21 national primitive forest parks and animal and plant nature reserves, accounting for 1 / 3 of the island’s area, the largest of which is Flinders Chase National Park.
Wilderness spectacle peak stone formation
The pinnacles is located in Nambung National Park, 245 kilometers north of Perth, the capital city of Western Australia. The grotesque stone pillars in the park are all over the desert to form a unique spectacle. In the flat sand dunes, there are four stalagmites in the shape of limestone spires. The highest one is 1.5 feet, and the small one is only as big as the fingers. It is like the arrangement of ancient battlefields, known as the “Pinnacle stone array”.
Geopark wave rock
Wave rock, which stands in the desert of Central Western Australia, is a famous tourist attraction in Australia. It is 350 kilometers from Perth (Perth), the capital of Western Australia, by car for 5 hours. Wave rock belongs to the most peculiar part in the north of Hyden. It’s 15 meters high and 110 meters long. It’s like a huge wave in the sea. It’s quite spectacular. Every year, a large number of tourists from Europe and the United States come here to see the strange and spectacular wave rock. In recent years, most of the tourists from Asia are free young people.
The wave rock is composed of granite, which was formed about 2.5 billion years ago. After the baptism of natural forces, the wave rock surface was carved into a concave shape. With the accumulated wind and rain and the sharp temperature difference in the morning and evening, the whole process of erosion and evolution was very slow. But the landscape presented in front of us was so spectacular and self-contained But the power is so great!
Fraser Island, the Pearl of the sea
Fraser sand island is located in Queensland, northern Australia, northeast of Brisbane. It is the largest sand island in the world, covering an area of 185000 hectares. It was listed as a natural world heritage in 1992.
Fraser sand island is different from the general sand dune Island, because the sand here contains different substances, including yellow, brown, tea and red, colorful, different shapes, giving people a fairy tale like illusion.
Some of the sand dunes on the island have been formed after 700000 years of geological changes, and some have been formed by the erosion and accumulation of sea water in the past thousand years. Fraser sand island is full of vast virgin rainforest, which is the only tropical rainforest plant found growing on the beach with a height of more than 200 meters in the world. In addition, there are more than 40 sand dune Lakes (perch lakes) on the island, which constitute a unique natural wonder. This is because the low-lying areas of the sand dunes have formed aquifers for a long time. The accumulated rainwater is filtered by fine sand, and under the sunshine, the lake water is blue and green, containing many kinds of ecological treasures.
The island is more than 200 kilometers away from Brisbane. At present, it is mostly free to travel to Brisbane, with few tour groups involved.