The great beauty of xinjiang attracts me with its unique natural landscape and profound historical sites. However, xinjiang is far more than that. It is also rich in fruits and delicacies, which all reflect the vast territory. Do not go to xinjiang, do not know how big the motherland, to xinjiang, can not help but marvel at the vast xinjiang. In this land rich in materials, xinjiang is also rich in such a treasure: hetian jade.
Hetian jade is one of the four famous jade in China. When qin shi huang unified China, hetian jade was called “jade of kunshan” because it was produced in kunlun mountain. Later, it was called “jade of khotan” because it was located in khotan. It was not until the ninth year of the reign of emperor guangxu of the qing dynasty when the zhili prefecture of hetian was established that it was officially named “hetian jade”.
Therefore, “hetian jade” in xinjiang, in the traditional narrow sense, refers to a kind of jade produced in hetian region of xinjiang (usually nephrite with the main mineral as tremolite can be called “hetian jade”), and is famous for its “sub-material”.
Therefore, when many tourists go to hotan, they cannot help digging jade. History, and tian digging jade has been recorded. On the yulong kashgar river in hotan, there are a large number of tourists and jade diggers every day, who use the traditional and ancient way to pick up jade on the river bank and retrieve jade in the river bed. And it’s been going back and forth for thousands of years.
Due to the high value of hetian jade and its continuous appreciation, every year many jade diggers, men, women and children, join the “jade diggers”. With the development of hotan tourism, many provincial tourists also participate in it. Picking up a piece of jade on a trip can be as exciting as winning five million dollars in the lottery.
In order to let visitors experience the pleasure of digging jade and understand the long history of hetian jade, the local yulong river has a special area, not only for tourists, but also for local people. On the riverbed, stones covered the ground to look into the eyes of tourists, almost everyone hunched over looking for them.
A local professional jade digger told us that hetian jade is the king of nephrite, a kind of tremolite, which has a greasy luster and a moist texture.
But tourists, if they’re not in the business, don’t even look with a flashlight. Jade digger also revealed that every day there are countless people to dig jade, good early picked up, the rest depends on luck, this is like to go to the antique market to pick up the leak. But don’t understand, better not to buy.
He also said that he tian jade when the relatively cool, there is pressure hand. But this method can not grasp the novice, we tourists can only be blind to the dead mice. But there are so many cats on the spot, who can pick up the mouse? Although do not have the idea of picking up jade, but bent over the back to find jade process, still feel happy.
In the period of digging jade, often hear tourists suddenly excited shouted a voice, frankly picked up the jade, and then others all around, some cast envy eyes, some straight just ordinary stone. At this time, there will be a special to tourists selling jade vendors came over, calm took a glance, a smile said: “that is just stone.” Then, show the jade in his hand, the expression is proud to say: “this is the hetian jade.”
The tourists nodded repeatedly, attracted by the jade in their hands, not only greasy luster, but also look moist, have asked the price, the vendor is not ambiguous, one price: “80,000”. All of a sudden, shook their heads and walked away.
Such hawker, in dig jade spot have many, but who also dare not sell easily. All say gold has value jade is priceless, a piece of hetian jade after all value how much, for the person that does not understand line, the in the mind is completely out of spectrum. A lot of tourists come here, basically is to have fun to experience.
If you really want to buy jade, most people will go to the nearby hetian jade capital, which is one of the eight key markets of hetian city. Covering an area of about 100 mu, it is a super large collection and distribution center of hetian jade. Here, every day, a large number of literary players and tourists walk among them. The most lively, most of the area is under the open air jade distribution point, like the antique market, make me very excited.
I don’t understand antiques, but because of the history, I have a strange interest in antiques. It’s also a good time to visit antique markets, including flea markets and antique shops on the road.
And here, the price of hetian jade is more in the mind feel panic. Some a stone, the boss shouted price 700,000, 800,000 is often the case, especially the kind of white with yellow stone is usually very expensive, often is to frighten tourists dare not ask the price.
In the market, we found that hotan jade is very rich in colors, including white, cyan, gray, light to dark green, yellow to brown, inky and so on. And the variety of hetian jade that produces below different environment is different again, its price is natural also different. Such as sub-material, mountain material, mountain water, gobi material.
The grain size of these “materials” is extremely fine, which is what the ancients called “meticulous and dense chestnut”, which is inferior to other jade. For example, the imperial seal of the empress of the western han dynasty, a national treasure cultural relic stored in shaanxi history museum, is the name of hetian jade, and is the only imperial seal of the han dynasty.
Although he tian jade price is high, have appreciation space, but if the eye of fire that does not see goods is golden eye, or beside without professional personage, advise everybody had better not begin.